Nicole did some excellent work to build on the limited literature on PAI validity scales, evaluating their effectiveness in a military sample evaluated within a neuropsychology clinic. We used performance validity (PVT; MSVT, NVMSVT) to compare group differences. Limited work has been done prior to now on some of the PAI validity scales (see McCredie & Morey, 2018), so expanding this literature for one of the most popular and widely used personality measures (Ingram et al., 2019, 2022; Mihura et al., 2017; Wright et al., 2017) is critical. I’ve reproduced the classification accuracy statistics below for ease. The entire paper may be downloaded HERE.